The Baphomet is the symbol of the satanic goat. Baphomet is portrayed as a half-human, half-goat figure, or a goat head. It is often misinterpreted as a symbol of witchcraft. Baphomet has also been called the Goat of Mendes, the Black Goat, and the Judas Goat. The origin of the term Baphomet is unclear. It may be a corruption of Mahomet or Muhammed.
The English occult historian Montague Summers suggested that it was a combination of two Greek words, baphe and metis, or “absorption of knowledge.” In the Middle Ages, Baphomet was believed to be an idol, represented by a human skull, a stuffed human head, or a metal or wooden human head with curly black hair. The idol was said to be worshiped by the order of the knights templar as the source of fertility and wealth. In 1307 King Philip IV of France accused the Order of the Knights Templar of heresy, homosexuality, and worshiping this idol and anointing it with the fat of murdered children.
However, only 12 of the 231 knights interrogated by the church, some under torture, admitted worshiping or having knowledge of the Baphomet. Novices said they had been instructed to worship the idol as their god and savior, and their descriptions of it varied: It has up to three heads and up to four feet; it was made of either wood or metal or was a painting; it was gilt. In 1818 idols called heads of Baphomet were discovered among forgotten antiquities of the Imperial Museum of Vienna. They were said to be replicas of the Gnostic divinity, Mete, or “Wisdom.”
The best-known representation of Baphomet is a drawing by the 19th-century French magician, Eliphas Levi, called The Baphomet of Mendes. Levi combined elements of the tarot Devil card and the he-goat worshiped in antiquity in Mendes, Egypt, which was said to fornicate with its women followers—just as the church claimed that the devil did with witches.
Levi’s Baphomet has a human trunk with rounded, female breasts, a caduceus in the midriff, human arms and hands, cloven feet, wings, and a goat’s head with a pentagram in the forehead and a torch on top of the skull between the horns. The attributes, Levi said, represented the sum total of the universe—intelligence, the four elements, divine revelation, sex and motherhood, sin, and redemption. White and black crescent moons at the figure’s sides represent good and evil.
Aleister Crowley named himself Baphomet when he joined the ordo templis orientis, a sex magic order formed in Germany at the turn of the 20th century. The Church of Satan, founded in 1966 in San Francisco, adopted a rendition of Baphomet to symbolize satanism. The symbol is a goat’s head drawn within an inverted pentacle, enclosed in a double circle. In the outer circle, Hebraic figures at each point in the pentagram spell out Leviathan, a huge water serpent associated with the devil.
See also Franz Bardon.
Last updated: February 5, 2016 at 12:15 pm
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Taken from : The Encyclopedia of Magic and Alchemy
Edited for the Web by Occult World