Aztec Mythology

In Aztec myths Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca stretched Hungry Woman to make the Earth. In an effort to smooth over her injured feelings because she was treated so roughly, the Gods filled the Earth with forests, flowers, valleys, waterfalls and other nice places over her skin. This did not stop her craving for human blood and hearts. This is why people are returned to the Earth. After this, the Gods made the first Sun.

Tezcatlipoca stole it for himself. He fastened the Sun to his belt and rose into the sky. Quetzacoatl grabbed a big stick and followed Tezcatlipoca. Quetzacoatl smacked the pilfering God back to the Earth where the evil god became the jaguar that ate the first people. In many myths Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca are enemies. Quetzacoatl was the Chief God of the Toltecs until they fell under Aztec dominion. Quetzacoatl then became one of the Chief Aztec deities.

The Aztecs built huge pyramid temples with carved sacrifical stones on top of them. Each day, night, week, month and year had its own deity demanding blood. The Aztecs thought that failure to honor the deities with blood sacrifices would cause the world to end at the end of their 52-year calendar (equal to our century). The sacrifices given to the Greatest God/desses usually required the living heart to be cut from the body of a human. Many times they used humans who were war captives.

The beating heart was then shown to the Sun and then thrown onto the sacrificial fire. After this was finished, the body was then skinned and cut up for cannibalistic ceremonies performed by the priests and warriors. This rite was held every year and the more elaborate forms of the rite were held every 13 years.

Aztec Gods and Goddesses

Ahuiateteo

Ahuiateteo Lords of Excess Pronounced: Ah-wee-ah-teh-tay-o Also known as: The Macuiltonaleque Origin: Aztec The Ahuiateteo embody the dangers and consequences ...
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Aztec Mythology

Ahuizotl

Ahuizotl Pronounced: Ah-wee-zo-tul Origin: Aztec The dreaded Ahuizotl lives at the bottom of deep lakes and pools of freshwater. It ...
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Apizteotl

Apizteotl

Apizteotl (hungry god) In Aztec mythology, god of famine. When a sacrifice was offered and human flesh eaten as part ...
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Atlacamanc

Atlacamanc

Atlacamanc is in Aztec mythology, a storm god, often identified as the male counterpart of Chalchihuitlicue, the Aztec storm goddess ...
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Atlatonan

Atlatonan

Atlatonan In Aztec mythology, goddess “of the leprous and maimed,” according to Fray Diego Durán in his Book of the ...
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Atlaua

Atlaua

Atlaua (master of waters) In Aztec mythology, a water god, also associated with arrows. Armed with reed arrows he emerges ...
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Aztec Mythology

Aztec Suns

Aztec suns : The Aztec told their history and recounted their mythology in eras, or ages, called Suns. These have ...
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Aztlán

Aztlán

Aztlán The Mexica’s mythical place of origin and home to Huitzilopochtli and his mother, Coatlicue. The land on which they ...
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Binding of the Years (new fire ceremony)

Binding of the Years (new fire ceremony)

Binding of the Years (new fire ceremony) : Among the Mexica, this ritual ceremony took place outside of Tenochtitlán when ...
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Aztec Mythology

Chachalmeca

Chachalmeca is in Aztec ritual, a high-ranking priest in charge of sacrifices. Aztec priests were not allowed to marry, and ...
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Chalchihuitlicue

Chalchihuitlicue She of the Jade Skirt Origin: Aztec Chalchihuitlicue is queen of rivers, lakes, and standing, still waters. The meaning ...
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Chalchihuitlicue

Chalchihuitlicue

Chalchihuitlicue (Chalchiuhtliycue, Chalchiuhcihuatl, Chalchiuhtlicue) (lady of the turquoise skirt) Aztec storm goddess, personification of whirlpools and youthful beauty; wife of ...
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Aztec Mythology

Chalmecaciutl

Chalmecaciuatl is in Aztec mythology, the paradise for children who died before they reached the age of reason. The concept ...
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Chantico

Chantico Also known as: Xantico Origin: Aztec Chantico is the Aztec goddess of fire and hearth. As a hearth goddess, ...
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Chiconquiahuitl

Chiconquiahuitl

Chiconquiahuitl (seven rain) In Aztec ritual, a god who was impersonated by a slave during the feast of the god ...
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Cihuacoatl

Cihuacoatl Snake Woman Origin: Mexico Cihuacoatl, divine snake woman, is a native of the Valley of Mexico long before it ...
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Cihuateteo

Cihuateteo

The Cihuateteo are Aztec female warrior spirits, souls of women who died in childbirth, considered the equivalent of dying valiantly ...
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Coatlicue

Coatlicue

Coatlicue (Ciuacoatl, Civocoatl, Cihuacoatl, Coatlantona, Conteotl) (the serpent lady, robe of serpent) In Aztec mythology, mother of the Sun as ...
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Coyolxauhqui

Coyolxauhqui

Coyolxauhqui (golden bells) In Aztec mythology, goddess, the moon lady, sister of the god Tezcatlipoca, who cut off her head, ...
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Ehecatl

Ehecatl

Ehecatl In Aztec mythology, wind god, a manifestation of the god Quetzalcoatl. One day Ehecatl realized that besides the fruits ...
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Huehecoyotl

Huehecoyotl Old, Old Coyote Origin: Aztec Huehuecoyotl is a trickster spirit, Aztec lord of dance, music, and carnal delight. He ...
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Huemac

Huemac

Huemac (strong hand) In Aztec mythology, god of earthquakes, sometimes equated with Quetzalcoatl. He was the last secular ruler of ...
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Hueytonantzin

Hueytonantzin

Hueytonantzin (our great ancient mother) In Aztec mythology, Great Mother goddess of the lords of the four directions: Hueytecptl (ancient ...
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Judika Illes

Huitzilopochtli

Huitzilopochtli (blue hummingbird on the left) In Aztec mythology, a war god associated with the sun. Ritual human sacrifices of ...
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Itzpapalotl

Itzpapalotl

Itzpapalotl The Obsidian Butterfly; The Clawed Butterfly Origin: Chichimec; Aztec; Zapotec Itzpapalotl is a fierce, powerful mother goddess of birth ...
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Ixtlilton

Ixtlilton

Ixtlilton (Yxtlilton) (the little black one) In Aztec mythology, god of medicine, fasting, and games, whose temple contained jars of ...
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Iztaccihuatl

Iztaccihuatl

Iztaccihuatl (white woman) In Aztec mythology, mountain goddess described by Fray Diego Durán in his Book of the Gods and ...
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Judika Illes

Malinalxochitl

Malinalxochitl Beautiful Wildflower Also known as: Malinal Xochitl Pronounced: Mah-lee-nahl-show-chee-tul The Aztecs spent centuries wandering, searching for their promised land, ...
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Judika Illes

Mayahuel

Mayahuel Lady Maguey; The Woman of Four Hundred Breasts Also known as: Xochitl Origin: Aztec Mayahuel is the spirit of ...
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Mayauel

Mayauel

Mayauel is in Aztec mythology, the goddess of pulque, the intoxicating drink made from the fermented sap of the agave, ...
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Metztli

Metztli

Metztli (Metzli) In Aztec mythology, moon goddess. In order to make a light for the daytime Metztli sacrificed herself and ...
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Demons

Mictantecutli

Mictantecutli Aztec lord of the underworld and king of Demons. Mictantecutli is the only Aztec deity besides the Sun god, ...
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Aztec Mythology

Mictlancihuatl

Mictlancihuatl Lady of Death Origin: Mexico Mictlancihuatl is Queen of Mictlan, the Aztec realm of death, which she presides over ...
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Judika Illes

Mictlantecuhtli

Mictlantecuhtli (Mictlanteculi) (lord of death) In Aztec mythology, death god, lord of the land of the dead, who with his ...
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Mixcoatl

Mixcoatl

Mixcoatl (Yemaxtli, Yoamaxtli) (cloud serpent) In Aztec mythology, god of hunting, lord of the chase, often identified with the god ...
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Aztec Mythology

Montezuma II

Montezuma II (Monteczoma, Motechuzoma, Moctezuma, Montecuzomatzin) (sad or angry lord) (1466–1520) is in Aztec history and legend, the last ruler, ...
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Nanautzin

Nanautzin

Nanautzin (Nanahuatzin) is the Aztec god of self-sacrifice, courage and bravery, and light. Nanautzin was considered the father of the ...
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Omacatl

Omacatl

Omacatl (two reeds) In Aztec mythology, god of joy, festivity, and happiness; worshipped by the rich, who held banquets in ...
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Ometecuhtli

Ometecuhtli

Ometecuhtli (Ometecutli) (the dual lord, lord of duality) In Aztec mythology, supreme being, who was outside of space and time ...
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Opochtli

Opochtli

Opochtli (the left-handed) In Aztec mythology, god of fishing and bird snaring, who invented the fishing rod and harpoon. Opochtli ...
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Aztec Mythology

Paynal

Paynal (Paynalton) (he who hastens) is in an Aztec rite, the name given to the man who played the part ...
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Tezcatlipoca

Tezcatlipoca

Tezcatlipoca Aztec prince of the Underworld, sorcerer, and king of the witches. The name Tezcatlipoca means “smoking mirror,” in reference ...
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Judika Illes

Tlaloc

Tlaloc (Tecutli, Tlaloque) (path under the earth, wine of earth, long cave?) In Aztec mythology, god of rain, thunder, and ...
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Tlazolteotl

Tlazolteotl

In Aztec mythology, sex goddess who produced lust and then forgave the sinner. The ritual freeing people from sins included ...
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Toci

Toci

Toci (Tozi, Temazcalteci) (our grandmother) In Aztec mythology, goddess and one aspect of Tlalzolteotl. Fray Diego Durán, in his Book ...
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Aztec Mythology

Tonacatecutli

Tonacatecutli (Tonacateotle) (lord of our existence) is in Aztec mythology, consort of Tonacacihuatl, with whom he lived in the ninth, ...
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Tonatiuh

Tonatiuh

Tonatiuh In Aztec mythology, a sun god, fourth in a series of sun gods. Tonatiuh gave strength to warriors, receiving ...
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Tzitzimime

Tzitzimime

Tzitzimime are the brothers of TEZCATLIPOCA who were cast out of heaven for their acts of sacrilege and desecration against ...
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Ueuecoyotl

Ueuecoyotl

Ueuecoyotl (the old, old coyote) In Aztec mythology, god associated with sex, useless expenditure on ornament, and unexpected pleasures—all three ...
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Uixtocihuatl

Uixtocihuatl

Uixtocihuatl In Aztec mythology, salt goddess whose festival, Tecuilhuitontli, was held on 2 June. A woman was sacrificed in her ...
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Vitzilopuchtl

Vitzilopuchtl

Vitzilopuchtl (sorcerer) In Aztec mythology, a war god who could change himself into any shape. According to various Spanish accounts, ...
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Xilonen

Xilonen

Xilonen In Aztec mythology, goddess of the growing corn, whose festival, Uei Tecuilhuitl (22 June), was celebrated with corn tortillas ...
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Vampires

Xipe Totec

Xipe Totec Aztec trickster vampire Demon of the underworld. Xipe Totec is called the “night drinker” because he sucks the ...
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Xiuhtecuhtli

Xiuhtecuhtli

Xiuhtecuhtli (Xiuhtecutli) In Aztec mythology, fire god who governed the fifth cardinal point, the center. He was thus worshipped as ...
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Xochipilli

Xochipilli

Xochipilli The Flower Prince Pronounced: Sho-CHEE-pee-lee Also known as: Macuilxochitl Origin: Aztec Xochipilli is the lord of flowers, love, maize, ...
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Xochiquetzal

Xochiquetzal

Xochiquetzal (lady precious flower, beautiful rose?) In Aztec mythology, goddess of sexual love and courtesans, patroness of painters, embroiderers, weavers, ...
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Judika Illes

Xochitl

Xochitl Pronounced: Show-CHEE-tul In Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, Xochitl literally means “flower” but also possesses other implications: • ...
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Xolotl

Xolotl

Xolotl Huetzi (servant?) In Aztec mythology, lord of the evening star, twin brother of the god Quetzalcoatl. Though credited with ...
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Yacatecutli

Yacatecutli

Yacatecutli (lord of travelers, he who leads) In Aztec mythology, god of merchants, whose symbol was a staff, often sprinkled ...
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