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Tag Archives: African Mythology

Dandalunda

Dandalunda Also known as: Ndanda Lunda Origin: Bantu Ndanda Lunda literally means “Lady of the Lunda.” (The Lunda are a Bantu-speaking ethnic group now resident in Angola, Congo, and Zambia.) A spirit of water, the moon, love, beauty, childbirth, and fertility, she is sometimes classified as a Simbi spirit. Ndanda Lunda traveled to Brazil with enslaved devotees where her name …

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Simbi Spirits

Simbi Spirits The Simbi spirits are a family of Congolese water spirits. They are a large diverse family. Simbi is a Kikongo word; the plural form is Basimbi. Simbi, the powerful lwa, is the head of this family. Most known Simbis are male, but female Simbis exist, too. Among its members are: • Gran Simba is Lady Simbi, matron of …

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Danko Dan Muso

Danko Dan Muso Sudden Visitor; Drawer of the Belly Origin: Hausa Classification: Bori Danko Dan Muso is head of the Bori snake spirits. Danko is an affectionate honorific; his name literally means “honored little son of Moses.” The Moses in question is the biblical law-giver and snake-master, also identified with the Congolese snake spirit, Simbi, and Vodou Damballah. Danko is …

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Dan Galadima

Dan Galadima The Prince Also known as: Dan Galadina Origin: Hausa Classification: Bori Dan Galadima is the handsome prince, playboy, and gambler of the Bori pantheon. His father is Sarkin Aljan Biddarene, but he was raised in the household of Sarkin Aljan Suleimanu. (Yet another version of his parentage suggests that his real father is the Bori spirit Malam Alhaji.) …

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Calunga

Calunga Mother of the Waters Also known as: Kalunga Origin: Congolese; Bantu Calunga is a Congolese spirit of death and the sea. The word Calunga literally means “sea” but has implications in Congolese cosmology beyond salty watery depths. Calunga also refers to the realm of the ancestors. The realm of death in many African traditions is located beneath the sea. …

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Bori

Bori Also known as: Aljan; Ishoki Origin: Hausa Maguzawa is the indigenous pre-Islamic religion of the Hausa people of Nigeria and Niger. Maguzawa spirits are called the Bori. Even in urban regions where little formal Maguzawa survives, the Bori remain venerated. The name Bori now also indicates modern urban spiritual traditions incorporating Bori spirits (if only because the term Maguzawa …

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Jezanna

Jezanna She Who Shows Herself in the Golden Moon Origin: Mashona (Zimbabwe) If you see the reflection of the moon shining golden on the surface of a lake, then you’ve seen Jezanna, Spirit of Abundance and Fertility. She has the power to increase cattle, crops and children (or prevent their increase, as she will.) Her most famous myth recalls her …

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Barhaza

Barhaza Origin: Hausa Classification: Bori Barhaza is Inna’s younger sister and Wanzami’s mother. Her husband is unclear. She may be married to: • Kure the Hyena • Mai Gizo, Owner of Matted Hair • Mai Dawa, Owner of the Bush Her primary affliction is paralysis. It is her signature affliction, but she is also blamed for headaches, stomachaches, numbness on …

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Barade

Barade Origin: Hausa Classification: Bori Barade means “mounted warrior” and is the title for the Bori spirit whose personal name may be Safiyanu, Sumb, or Sufi. He’s Sarkin Rafi’s brother. He adores battle but sulks when things don’t go his way. The afflictions he causes are characterized by bleeding, including internal bleeding. His victims usually experience burning heartburn and/or spit …

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