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Tag Archives: Greek Mythology

Cattle of the Sun

Cattle of the Sun In Greek mythology, cattle living on the island of Thrinacia that were sacred to Apollo. Odysseus warned his men not to eat the cattle, but they paid no attention. As a result, Apollo sank their ship, and all of the men drowned except Odysseus. The episode is in Homer’s Odyssey (book 12). Taken from the Encyclopedia …

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Catreus

Catreus (pheasant) In Greek mythology, son of King Minos of Crete and Pasiphae; brother of Acacallis, Androgeus, Ariadne, Deucalion, Euryale, Glaucas, Lycastrus, Phaedra, and Xenodice. Catreus was the father of three daughters, Aerope (the mother of Agamemnon and Menelaus), Clymene, and Apemosyne. Catreus had one son, Althaemenes, who, an oracle predicted, would kill his father. Many years later when Catreus …

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Castor and Polydeuces

Castor and Polydeuces (beaver and much sweet wine) In Greek mythology, twin brothers, sons of Leda and Tyndareus; often called Dioscuri (sons of Zeus); brothers of Phoebe, Philonoe, Timanda, and Clytemnestra; half brothers of Helen. The myths of Castor and Polydeuces (called Pollux in Latin) vary. In Homer, they are said to be the sons of Leda and King Tyndareos …

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Cassiopea

Cassiopea (Cassipea, Cassiope, Cassiopeia) (cassia juice) In Greek mythology, the wife of Cepheus, king of Ethiopia; mother of Andromeda and of Atymnius by Zeus. Cassiopea boasted that she and her daughter were more beautiful than the Nereids. This angered the sea god Poseidon, who sent a monster to devastate the land. To appease the god an oracle had demanded that …

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Caryatis

Caryatis (of the walnut tree) In Greek mythology, Carya, a girl loved by Artemis who died and was transformed into a walnut tree. Artemis repented Carya’s death and was given the epithet Caryatis. Caryatids, female-form statues used for support, are said to be based on Caryatis. In a variant myth Caria, a Greek state, supported the Persians in their war …

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Carya

Carya (nut tree) In Greek mythology, a girl loved by the god Dionysus. After her death she was turned into a walnut tree, and a city in Laconia was named after her. Artemis, who reported the death of Carya, was called Caryatis (of the walnut tree). Taken from the Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by …

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Carpo

Carpo (fruit) In Greek mythology, goddess of autumn, daughter of Zeus and Themis, and one of the Horae, who were goddesses of the seasons. Taken from the Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante

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Carme

Carme In Greek mythology, a nymph, daughter of Eubulus and the mother of Britomartis by Zeus. Carme was an attendant of the virgin goddess Artemis and was nursemaid to Scylla. Taken from the Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante

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Capys

Capys (breath) In Greek and Roman mythology, son of Assaracus and Hieromneme; father of Anchises and Laocoön by his cousin Themiste. Capys is also the name of a Trojan hero who warned against bringing in the wooden horse. He advised casting it into the sea, but his advice was not heeded. When Troy fell, Capys fled with Aeneas. He founded …

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Caphaurus

Caphaurus (Cephalion) (camphor) In Greek mythology, a Libyan shepherd, son of Amphithemis and Tritonis; brother of Nasamon; he killed the Argonauts Canthus and Eribotes for attempting to steal his sheep. He was in turn killed by other Argonauts. Cape Capharus is a rocky promontory in southeast Euboea, where Nauplius lit beacons to lure returning Greek ships to their doom on …

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