Abaddon (Apollyon)

Abaddon (Apollyon)
Apollyon (top) battling Christian in John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress.

Abaddon (Apollyon) is the angel of death, destruction, and the netherworld. The name Abaddon is derived from the Hebrew term for “to destroy” and means “place of destruction.” Apollyon is the Greek name.

In magic Abaddon is often equated with Satan and Samael. His name is evoked in conjuring spells for malicious deeds. Abaddon is the prince who rules the seventh hierarchy of demons, the Erinyes, or Furies, who govern powers of evil, discord, war, and devastation.

Originally, Abaddon was a place and not an angel or being. In rabbinic writings and the Old Testament, Abaddon is primarily a place of destruction and a name for one of the regions of Gehenna (see Hell). The term occurs six times in the Old Testament. In Proverbs 15:11 and 27:20, it is named with Sheol as a region of the underworld. In Psalm 88:11, Abaddon is associated with the grave and the underworld.

In Job 26:6, Abaddon is associated with Sheol. Later, Job 28:22 names Abaddon and Death together, implying personified beings. In Revelation 9:10, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss, the bottomless pit of hell. Revelation also cites the Greek version of the name, Apollyon, probably a reference to Apollo, Greek god of pestilence and destruction.

FURTHER READING :

Demonology

You may be also interested in :

Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft - Sir Walter Scott.
Michael Psellus on the Operation of Daemons - Stephen Skinner & Marcus Collisson
Demons of Wrath: The Dark Fires of Attack Magick -  Corwin Hargrove
Dybbuks and Jewish Women in Social History, Mysticism and Folklore - Rachel Elior
Lemegeton
Fallen Bodies: Pollution, Sexuality, and Demonology in the Middle Ages - Dyan Elliott
Dark Mirrors : Azazel and Satanael in early Jewish Mythology - Andrei A. Orlov
The Curse of Canaan: A Demonology of History - Eustace Mullins
England's First Demonologist: Reginald Scot and 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' - Philip C. Almond
Queen of Hell - Mark Alan Smith
Gypsy Demons and Divinities : The Magic and Religion of the Gypsies - Elwood B Trigg
Demons of Magick : Three Practical Rituals For Working With The 72 Demons – Gordon Winterfield
Protect Yourself from the Jinn and Shaytan – Wahid Abd Al-Salam Bali
The Devil: A New Biography - Philip C. Almond
The World of the Jinn and Devils
Practical Jinn Magick
The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa’s Occult Philosophy – Christopher I. Lehrich
Christian Demonology and Popular Mythology (Demons, Spirits, Witches, Vol. 2) – Gabor Klaniczay (Ed.), Eva Pocs (Ed. )
Lilith
Daemonolatry Goetia – S. Connolly
The Demonic Bible - Tsirk Susej
Biblical Demonology: A Study of Spiritual Forces at Work Today -  Unger, Merrill F.
Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World -  Jeffrey Burton Russell
Irish Witchcraft and Demonology - St. John D. Seymour
A Field Guide to Demons, Fairies, Fallen Angels and Other Subversive Spirits -  Carol K. Mack, Dinah Mack

The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology – Written by Rosemary Ellen Guiley – Copyright © 2009 by Visionary Living, Inc.

Please get in touch with us if you have questions about our Demon Expert Training - Wicca Training - Voodoo-DealCandle Burning Service - the Black Magick Training or our Regular Membership.