Adramelech as depicted in Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal, 1863 edition

The Demon Adramelech (Adramalek) is a chieftain of Hell. Adramalech is of uncertain origin. Possibly he was derived from a Samarian Sun god worshipped by the Sepharvites, who burned children as a sacrificial offering to him.

Adramalech is the grand chancellor of Demons, president of the Devil’s general council, and governor of the Devil’s wardrobe. Adramelech himself is often portrayed as a peacock (see Iblis) or as a mule. He is the eighth of the 10 evil Demons of the sephirot of the Tree of Life (see Kabbalah). He works under the command of Samael.

Further Reading:

  • Hyatt, Victoria, and Joseph W. Charles. The Book of Demons. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974.

The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology – Written by Rosemary Ellen Guiley – Copyright © 2009 by Visionary Living, Inc.

Adrammelech (Adramelech, Adramelek) (the lordship of Melech, the king) In Near Eastern mythology, a god worshipped by the people of Sepharvaim. According to 2 Kings (17:31), the “Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.”

In later Jewish folklore Adrammelech was turned into one of the 10 Archdemons, who often appeared in animal forms such as that of a peacock, mule, horse, or lion. In Milton’s Paradise Lost (book 6:365) the good angels Uriel and Raphael vanquish Adrammelech. The German poet Klopstock, in his epic poem The Messiah, calls Adrammelech “the enemy of God, greater in malice, ambition, and mischief than Satan, a fiend more curst, a deeper hypocrite.”

Adrammelech may be derived from the Babylonian god Anu and the Ammonite god Moloch, to whom children were sacrificed. The name is also used for a son of Sennacherib in 2 Kings (19:37), who with Sharezer, his brother, murdered his father in the temple of the god Nisroch after they learned their father planned to sacrifice them to the god.

The name appears in Josephus’s Antiquities of the Jews (book 16, chapter 8) as Andromachos and in Greek sources as Adramelos and Ardumuzan.


Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow
Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante

One of many demons named in Collin de Plancy’s extensive Dictionnaire Infernal, published and republished throughout the nineteenth century. The name of this demon is actually the name of a Samaritan sun god whose name was also sometimes rendered Adramelech. As such, he is one of the many foreign deities mentioned in the Old Testament that have been demonized with the passage of time. The early- nineteenth-century French writer, Charles Berbiguier, describes Adramelek as the Lord High Chancellor of Hell. In his book Les Farfadets, Berbiguier further asserts that Adramelek has been awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Fly, a supposedly demonic knightly order founded by Beelzebub. A. E. Waite, writing in his classic Book of Black Magic, repeats Berbiguier’s attributions, although he incorrectly links them to the sixteenth-century scholar Johannes Wierus. Agrippa identifies him as an ancient king demonized over time.

Source : The Dictionary of Demons written by Michelle Belanger.

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