Verbeia is the presiding spirit of England’s River Wharfe. Her name may mean “meandering” or “winding.” Her existence is documented by an altar dedicated to her discovered in North Yorkshire. Much of what is known or surmised about Verbeia derives from this altar.




Verbeia is portrayed wearing a long pleated robe. She holds a large zig-zaggy snake in each hand. The snakes seem to ripple, as if combining serpentine and watery imagery.


Snakes (Because of the prominence given to snakes in her image, it’s theorized that she’s a healing goddess.)


  • Fauna
  • Hygeia
  • Nehalennia
  • Sirona


Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses – Written by Judika Illes Copyright © 2009 by Judika Illes.

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