Amphitrite (the third one who encircles, i.e., the sea) In Greek mythology, a sea goddess, daughter of Nereus and Doris (or Oceanus and Tethys); wife of Poseidon; mother of Albion, Benthesicyme, Charybdis, Rhode, and Triton. Poseidon saw Amphitrite dancing with the Nereids on the island of Naxos and carried her off. According to a variant account, she fled from Poseidon to Atlas, but Poseidon’s dolphin saw her and brought her to the god. Homer does not call her Poseidon’s wife but a sea goddess who beats the billows against the rocks. Amphitrite had no separate worship or cult.
She was often portrayed with a net confining her hair, with crabs’ claws on the crown of her head, being carried by Tritons or by dolphins and other marine animals, or drawn by them in a chariot of shells. The Romans identified her with Salacia, their goddess of the salt waves. Amphitrite appears in Ovid’s Metamorphoses (book 1) and Keats’s Endymion (II.108) She appears in Poussin’s painting The Triumph of Neptune and Amphitrite.
Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow
Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante
The great goddess Amphitrite is the mistress and owner of the Mediterranean. Poseidon saw her dancing with the Nereids on the isle of Naxos and raped her. He then wanted to marry her, making the relationship permanent. She fled to the western end of her territory, allegedly taking shelter with Atlas or Oceanus, who may be her father.
Delphin, a dolphin spirit, spied on her, revealing her hiding place to Poseidon, who begged her to marry him. Ultimately it was the dolphin who persuaded her to emerge. As her consort, Poseidon is King of the Sea. Their marriage is ambivalent. Like Zeus, Poseidon is perpetually unfaithful. Unlike Hera, Amphi trite takes this in stride. (In many ways, Amphitrite is the watery counterpart of Hera. Crabs are sacred to both goddesses.) Amphi trite does not spend much time on Olympus, preferring to stay in her own realm.
Petition Amphitrite for safety on the sea, prosperity, abundance, and true love. She has powers of healing and fertility and access to all the treasures of the sea. She may be invoked to punish unfaithful and/or abusive spouses as well as rapists.
A beautiful woman with an elaborate hairdo. She may wear a hairnet and lavish jewelry (As befitting someone who spends most of her time in water, she doesn’t usually wear a lot of clothes.) She may sport horns in the form of crab claws and/or wear a crab headdress.
Amphitrite often holds one hand in a pinching gesture, like a crab.
Realm: Amphitrite lives in a golden palace at the bottom of the sea.
Technically all sea creatures but especially crustaceans, fish, seals, and dolphins; a crab serves as her messenger.
Amymone; Ariadne; Atlas; Delphin; Hera; Nereid; Oceanus; Poseidon; Scylla; Triton; Zeus
Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses– Written by Judika Illes Copyright © 2009 by Judika Illes.
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