Berith - Demon and Spirit of Solomon

The Demon Berith is a Fallen Angel. Berith appears as a man wearing a soldier’s uniform and a golden crown and riding a red horse.
As an angel, Berith was prince of the order of Cherubim.
As a Demon, he serves as a master of ceremonies, duke, and grand pontiff in Hell, presiding over 26 Legions of Demons. He notarizes Pacts with the Devil.

Berith was important to some alchemists, who believed he had the power to transmute all base metals into gold. He was tricky to conjure, however, and had to be summoned with magic rings bearing his Seal. He was known for making great promises, but also for being a great liar.

One conjuration spell for Berith calls for bleeding a black chicken at a Crossroads on a Monday night. The conjurer promises out loud, “Berith will do all my work for 20 years and I shall recompense him.” Alternately, the pledge can be written on parchment with the chicken’s blood. Berith will appear and do as commanded—but he will claim his reward, the conjuror’s soul, in 20 years’ time.
Berith was named as a key Demon in the famous Aix en-Provence Possessions in France in 1611.

Berith - Demon and Spirit of Solomon

From “The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King” (1904) Written by S.L. MacGregor Mathers

BERITH. – The Twenty-eighth Spirit in Order, as Solomon bound them, is named Berith.
He is a Mighty, Great, and Terrible Duke. He hath two other Names given unto him by men of later times, viz.: BEALE, or BEAL, and BOFRY or BOLFRY. He appeareth in the Form of a Soldier with Red Clothing, riding upon a Red Horse, and having a Crown of Gold upon his head. He giveth true answers, Past, Present, and to Come.
Thou must make use of a Ring in calling him forth, as is before spoken of regarding Beleth.17 He can turn all metals into Gold. He can give Dignities, and can confirm them unto Man. He speaketh with a, very clear and subtle Voice. He governeth 26 Legions of Spirits. His Seal is this, etc.

The Seal of Berith
The Seal of Berith

Berith - Demon and Spirit of Solomon

From the “Pseudomonarchia Daemonum” ( 1583 )written by Johann Weyer (Johann Wier)

Berith is a great and a terrible duke, and hath three names. Of some he is called Beall; of the Jewes Berithi [Berith]; of Nigromancers Bolfry [Bolfri]: he commeth foorth as a red souldier, with red clothing, and upon a horsse of that colour, and a crowne on his head. He answereth trulie of things present, past, and to come. He is compelled at a certeine houre, through divine vertue, by a ring of art magicke. He is also a lier, he turneth all mettals into gold, he adorneth a man with dignities, and confirmeth them, he speaketh with a cleare and a subtill voice, and six and twentie legions are under him.

Original Text: Berith Dux magnus and terribilis: tribus nuncupatur nominibus, à quibusdam Beal, à Judæis Berith, à necromanticis Bolfri. Prodit ut miles ruber cum vestitu rubro, and equo ejusdem coloris coronaque ornatus. Vere de præsentibus, præteritis and futuris respondet. Virtute divina per annulum magicæ artis ad horam scilicet cogitur. Mendax etiam est. In aurum cuncta metallorum genera mutat. Dignitatibus ornat easdemque confirmat: Claram subtilemque edit vocem. Viginti sex legiones huic subsunt.
Berith - Demon and Spirit of Solomon

From the “Dictionnaire Infernal” (edition of 1863 ) Written by Jacques Auguste Simon Collin de Plancy

Berith is a great duke of hell governing 26 legions. He is called Beal, Berith by the Jews, and Bolfri by necromancers. He is also worshipped by the Sichemites, and possibly the same as Beroth of Sanchoniaton, whom some believe to be Pallas or Diana. He appears as a soldier dressed in red, riding a red horse and wears a crown on his head. One must have a magic ring to control him. He knows of past/present/future events, gives dignities, aids in singing ability, and is often known as the Demon of the alchemists for his avidity to change metals into gold.
According to the author of Solide tresor du Petit Albert, Berith is no more than a goblin or elf.
Others believe him to be a mandrake or a sylph.

Original Text : Berith, duc aux enfers, grand el terrible. Ilest connu sous trois noms ; quelques-uns le nommentBéal, les Juifs Bérith et les nécromanciensBolfri. Il se montre sous les taits d’un jeunesoldat habillé de rouge des pieds à la tête,monté sur un cheval de même couleur, portantla couronne au front; il répond sur le passé, leprésent et l’avenir. On le maîtrise, par la vertudes anneaux magiques ; mais il ne faut pas oublier qu’il est souvent menteur. Il a le talent dechanger tous les métaux en or : aussi on le regardequelquefois comme le démon des alchimistes.

Il donne des dignités el rend la voix deschanteurs claire et déliée. Vingt-six légions sontà ses ordres.

C’était l’idole des Sichemites , et-peut-être est-ce le même que le Béruth de Sanchoniaton,que des doctes croient être Pallas ou ,Diane.
L’auteur du Solide trésor dû Petit Albertconte de Bérith une aventure qui ferait croireque ce démon n’est plus qu’un follet ou lutin, si
toutefois c’est le même Bérith.

« Je me suis trouvé, dit-il, dans un châteauoù se manifestait un esprit familier qui depuissix ans avait pris soin de gouverner l’horloge eld’étriller les chevaux. Je fus curieux un matind’examiner ce manège : mon étonnement fut grandde voir courir l’étrille sur la croupe ducheval, sans qu’elle parût conduite, par aucunemain visible. Le palefrenier me dit que,pourattirer ce farfadet à son service, il avait pris unepetite poule noire, qu’il l’avait saignée dans ungrand chemin croisé; que dq ce sang il avaitécrit sur un morceau de papier : « Bérith fera
ma besogne pendant vingt ans, et je le’récompenserai; » qu’ayant ensuite enterré la poule àun pied de profondeur, le même’jour le farfadetavait pris soin de l’horloge et des chevaux, etque de temps en temps lui-même faisait destrouvailles qui lui valaient quelque chose… »

L’historien semble croire que ce lutin étaitune mandragore. Les cabalistes n’y voient autrechose qu’un sylphe.

Berith as depicted in Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal, 1863 edition.
Berith as depicted in Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal, 1863 edition.

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Berith - Demon and Spirit of Solomon

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Berith - Demon and Spirit of Solomon