Daeva

Daeva (daiva, deva, dev) is in Zoroastrianism, a powerful Demon. The daevas are the principals of the infernal hordes and are the counterparts and mirror opposites of the amesha spentas, good spirits. They personify all diseases, sins, and distresses suffered by humanity. Most of the daevas are male.

In the Gathas, the oldest Zoroastrian texts, the daevas are wrong or false gods, or “gods that are (to be) rejected.” In the Younger Avesta, the daevas are vile beings who create chaos and disorder. In later tradition and folklore, they personify all evils imaginable.

The daevas were created from the evil thoughts of Ahriman for the purpose of waging war against goodness and humanity. Though spirits, they can appear in human form. Evil men also are called daevas. When the prophet Zoroaster was born, the daevas went into hiding beneath the earth. They lurk about, ready to attack the vulnerable. They are attracted to unclean places and like to spend time in locations where corpses are exposed.
The daevas originate in the north, the direction of evil. Their gateway to Hell is Mount Arezura, named after a son of Ahriman who was slain by Gayomart. There are hordes of daevas; little is known about most of them. The most powerful are known by names, along with some of their powers and characteristics. According to Plutarch, the creator God Ohrmazd made 24 gods and placed them in the cosmic egg. Ahriman made 24 daevas to penetrate the egg so that evil could mix with good. In later Zoroastrian texts, the numbers of daevas are Legion.

The wicked who follow the daevas are condemned to go to the place of Worst Thought in the afterlife, the same designation given to DRUJ. The most fearsome of the daevas is AESHMA, who is comparable to Asmodeus.

FURTHER READING :

  • Jackson, A. V. Williams. Zoroastrian Studies. Whitefish, Mont.: Kessinger, 2003.

The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology – Written by Rosemary Ellen Guiley – Copyright © 2009 by Visionary Living, Inc.

You may be also interested in :

Protect Yourself from the Jinn and Shaytan – Wahid Abd Al-Salam Bali
England's First Demonologist: Reginald Scot and 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' - Philip C. Almond
Demonology and Devil-Lore, Vol 1  - Moncure Daniel Conway
Lemegeton
The Curse of Canaan: A Demonology of History - Eustace Mullins
The Demonic Bible - Tsirk Susej
Practical Jinn Magick
Dybbuks and Jewish Women in Social History, Mysticism and Folklore - Rachel Elior
The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage
Queen of Hell - Mark Alan Smith
Fallen Angels, the Watchers, and the Origins of Evil – Joseph Lumpkin
Demons of Magick : Three Practical Rituals For Working With The 72 Demons – Gordon Winterfield
Fallen Bodies: Pollution, Sexuality, and Demonology in the Middle Ages - Dyan Elliott
The World of the Jinn and Devils
Michael Psellus on the Operation of Daemons - Stephen Skinner & Marcus Collisson
Lucifer and the Hidden Demons - Theodore Rose
Hekate Her Sacred Fires - Sorita D'Este, Raven Digitalis, Vikki Bramshaw
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. - Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst
Witchcraft and Demonology in Hungary and Transylvania - Gábor Klaniczay (Ed.), Éva Pócs (Ed.)
Dark Mirrors : Azazel and Satanael in early Jewish Mythology - Andrei A. Orlov
Lilith
The Devil: A New Biography - Philip C. Almond
Daemonolatry Goetia – S. Connolly
Biblical Demonology: A Study of Spiritual Forces at Work Today -  Unger, Merrill F.
Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World -  Jeffrey Burton Russell

Please get in touch with us if you have questions about our Demon Expert Training - Wicca Training - Voodoo-DealCandle Burning Service - the Black Magick Training or our Regular Membership.