Erichthonius

Erichthonius (much earth) In Greek mythology, culture hero, fourth king of Athens, who had serpent’s tails for legs. Erichthonius was the son of Hephaestus, the lame god, whose sperm fell on the ground when he attempted to rape Athena. Athena placed Erichthonius in a basket with a serpent, and she then gave the basket to the Cecrops daughters, telling them not to look inside. Aglauros, one of the sisters, opened the basket and was punished by Athena, who made her insane or killed her. Erichthonius reigned for 50 years and invented chariots. Athena gave Erichthonius two drops of blood from the Gorgon. One was poisoned, but the other healed. Ovid’s Metamorphoses (book 2) and Apollodorus’s Bibliotheca (Library) tell his story.

SOURCE:

Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow– Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante

FURTHER READING:

Related Articles

Aglaurides

The Aglaurides Housemates of the Serpent ORIGIN: Athens The Aglaurides are the three daughters of Aglauros, a Nymph, and Cecrops, snake spirit and first king…

Cecrops

Cecrops (face with a tail) In Greek mythology, a culture hero, son of Gaea; married Agraulos; father of Erisichthon, Herse, and Pandrosus. Cecrops was half…

Erichtonios

Erichtonios Origin: Greece Erichtonios is Athena’s serpent son. Hephaestus is generally considered to be his father. Various myths explain the circumstances of Erichtonios’ conception: •…

Gaea

Gaea (Ge, Gaia) (earth) In Greek mythology, Mother Earth; daughter of Chaos with Eros and Tartarus; called Terra or Tellus by the Romans. After the…

Dardanus

Dardanus (burner-up) In Greek mythology, prime ancestor of the Trojans, son of Zeus and Electra; brother of Iasim; married to Chryse and after her death…