Kadimakara : Legendary large reptile or Marsupial of Australia.


Dieri (Australian) word.

Variant name:


Physical description:

Reptilian monster. Horn
on its forehead.


Marshes and water holes.


Lake Eyre, South Australia.

Significant sighting:

Said by the Aborigines to
have lived in the Dreamtime, the mythical period when the world was created.

Possible explanations:

(1) A memory based on the Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) that formerly lived along the southern coast.
(2) A surviving Diprotodon optatum, a fossil marsupial (the largest known) that lived from 2.5 million years ago to as recently as 6,000 years ago. It was the size of a modern rhinoceros, about 10 feet long. Its heavy skull, nearly 3 feet long, featured massive jaws and a large lower incisor. Its bones have been found frequently near Lake Eyre and Cooper Creek, South Australia. Diprotodon fossils at Riversleigh, Queensland, bear marks suggestive of butchery by prehistoric tribes.


  • John Walter Gregory, The Dead Heart of Australia: A Journey around Lake Eyre in the Summer of 1901–1902 (London: John Murray, 1906), pp. 3–4;
  • Patricia Vickers-Rich and Gerard Van Tets, eds., Kadimakara: Extinct Vertebrates of Australia (Lilydale, Vic., Australia: Pioneer Design Studio, 1985), pp. 240–244


Mysterious Creatures – A Guide to Cryptozoology written by George M. Eberhart – Copyright © 2002 by George M. Eberhart

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