PEGASUS

Pegasus

Pegasus (of the springs) In Greek mythology, a winged horse who sprang from the blood of the slain Gorgon Medusa when her head was cut off by the hero Perseus. Bellerophon, another Greek hero, captured the winged horse with the aid of a golden bridle given him by Athena when she encountered Pegasus drinking from the Pierian spring. With Pegasus’s aid Bellerophon killed the monster Chimera. When Pegasus’s hoof touched the earth, the magical spring Hippocrene gushed forth. Bellerophon, becoming overly ambitious, tried to reach Mount Olympus on Pegasus, but Pegasus knew better and threw his rider. Finally, Zeus gave Pegasus a home on Mount Olympus. Homer’s Iliad (book 6), Ovid’s Metamorphoses (book 4), Horace’s Odes IV (11.27), Spenser’s Faerie Queene (1.9.21), Shakespeare’s King Henry Part I (4.1.109), Milton’s Paradise Lost (book 7.4), Pope’s Essay on Criticism (1.150), and Schiller’s Pegasus im Joche all deal with the mythical animal.

SOURCE:

Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow– Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante

FURTHER READING:

Related Articles

Bellerophon

Bellerophon (he who slays the monster) In Greek mythology, a hero, son of Glaucus of Corinth or Poseidon and Eurymede; brother of Deliades; grandson of…

Perseus

Perseus (destroyer) In Greek mythology, hero, son of Zeus and DanaĂ«. When Perseus was a baby, his grandfather Acrisius was warned by an oracle that…

Harpies

Harpies (snatcher) In Greek mythology, winged monsters with women’s faces and vulture bodies, daughters of Thaumas and Electra or of Poseidon and Gaea. Some accounts…

Danaë

DanaĂ« (laurel, bay) In Greek mythology, mother of the hero Perseus; daughter of King Acrisius of Argos and Eurydice; sister of Evarete. Acrisius had been…