Abaddon (Apollyon)

Abaddon (Apollyon)
Apollyon (top) battling Christian in John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress.

Abaddon (Apollyon) is the angel of death, destruction, and the netherworld. The name Abaddon is derived from the Hebrew term for “to destroy” and means “place of destruction.” Apollyon is the Greek name.

In magic Abaddon is often equated with Satan and Samael. His name is evoked in conjuring spells for malicious deeds. Abaddon is the prince who rules the seventh hierarchy of demons, the Erinyes, or Furies, who govern powers of evil, discord, war, and devastation.

Originally, Abaddon was a place and not an angel or being. In rabbinic writings and the Old Testament, Abaddon is primarily a place of destruction and a name for one of the regions of Gehenna (see Hell). The term occurs six times in the Old Testament. In Proverbs 15:11 and 27:20, it is named with Sheol as a region of the underworld. In Psalm 88:11, Abaddon is associated with the grave and the underworld.

In Job 26:6, Abaddon is associated with Sheol. Later, Job 28:22 names Abaddon and Death together, implying personified beings. In Revelation 9:10, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss, the bottomless pit of hell. Revelation also cites the Greek version of the name, Apollyon, probably a reference to Apollo, Greek god of pestilence and destruction.

Further Reading:

  • van der Toorn, Karel, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst, eds. Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.

Demonology

You may be also interested in :

Devil-Worship in France - Arthur Edward Waite
Queen of Hell - Mark Alan Smith
Witchcraft and Demonology in South-West England, 1640–1789 - Jonathan Barry
Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World -  Jeffrey Burton Russell
Lucifer and the Hidden Demons - Theodore Rose
Daemonolatry Goetia – S. Connolly
Dybbuks and Jewish Women in Social History, Mysticism and Folklore - Rachel Elior
Satanism and Demonology - Lionel and Patricia Fanthorpe
Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft – Sir Walter Scott
The Penguin Book of Hell - Scott G Bruce
Lilith
The Lure of the Dark Side: Satan and Western Demonology in Popular Culture -  Christopher H. Partridge, Eric S. Christianson
Summoning Spirits: The Art of Magical Evocation - Konstantinos
The World of the Jinn and Devils
A Field Guide to Demons, Fairies, Fallen Angels and Other Subversive Spirits -  Carol K. Mack, Dinah Mack
Witchcraft and Demonology in Hungary and Transylvania - Gábor Klaniczay (Ed.), Éva Pócs (Ed.)
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. - Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst
The Prince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in History -  Jeffrey Burton Russell
Fallen Angels, the Watchers, and the Origins of Evil – Joseph Lumpkin
Hekate Her Sacred Fires - Sorita D'Este, Raven Digitalis, Vikki Bramshaw
Demons of Wrath: The Dark Fires of Attack Magick -  Corwin Hargrove
Irish Witchcraft and Demonology - St. John D. Seymour
Demons of Magick : Three Practical Rituals For Working With The 72 Demons – Gordon Winterfield
Devil Stories: An Anthology - Maximilian Josef Rudwin
Demons and Illness from Antiquity to the Early-Modern Period -Siam Bhayro

The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology – Written by Rosemary Ellen Guiley – Copyright © 2009 by Visionary Living, Inc.