Abaddon (Apollyon)

Abaddon (Apollyon)
Apollyon (top) battling Christian in John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress.

Abaddon (Apollyon) is the angel of death, destruction, and the netherworld. The name Abaddon is derived from the Hebrew term for “to destroy” and means “place of destruction.” Apollyon is the Greek name.

In magic Abaddon is often equated with Satan and Samael. His name is evoked in conjuring spells for malicious deeds. Abaddon is the prince who rules the seventh hierarchy of demons, the Erinyes, or Furies, who govern powers of evil, discord, war, and devastation.

Originally, Abaddon was a place and not an angel or being. In rabbinic writings and the Old Testament, Abaddon is primarily a place of destruction and a name for one of the regions of Gehenna (see Hell). The term occurs six times in the Old Testament. In Proverbs 15:11 and 27:20, it is named with Sheol as a region of the underworld. In Psalm 88:11, Abaddon is associated with the grave and the underworld.

In Job 26:6, Abaddon is associated with Sheol. Later, Job 28:22 names Abaddon and Death together, implying personified beings. In Revelation 9:10, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss, the bottomless pit of hell. Revelation also cites the Greek version of the name, Apollyon, probably a reference to Apollo, Greek god of pestilence and destruction.

Further Reading:

  • van der Toorn, Karel, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst, eds. Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.

Demonology

You may be also interested in :

Gypsy Demons and Divinities : The Magic and Religion of the Gypsies - Elwood B Trigg
Lilith
Summoning Spirits: The Art of Magical Evocation - Konstantinos
England's First Demonologist: Reginald Scot and 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' - Philip C. Almond
The Lure of the Dark Side: Satan and Western Demonology in Popular Culture -  Christopher H. Partridge, Eric S. Christianson
The Curse of Canaan: A Demonology of History - Eustace Mullins
The World of the Jinn and Devils
Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft – Sir Walter Scott
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. - Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst
The False Prophet Azazel - John of the Gentiles
Lemegeton
Demons of Magick : Three Practical Rituals For Working With The 72 Demons – Gordon Winterfield
Irish Witchcraft and Demonology - St. John D. Seymour
Biblical Demonology: A Study of Spiritual Forces at Work Today -  Unger, Merrill F.
Demonology and Devil-Lore, Vol 1  - Moncure Daniel Conway
Witchcraft and Demonology in South-West England, 1640–1789 - Jonathan Barry
Witchcraft and Demonology in Hungary and Transylvania - Gábor Klaniczay (Ed.), Éva Pócs (Ed.)
Demons of Wrath: The Dark Fires of Attack Magick -  Corwin Hargrove
Protect Yourself from the Jinn and Shaytan – Wahid Abd Al-Salam Bali
A Field Guide to Demons, Fairies, Fallen Angels and Other Subversive Spirits -  Carol K. Mack, Dinah Mack
Azazel: Steal Fire from the Gods
The Prince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in History -  Jeffrey Burton Russell
Fallen Angels and the Origins of Evil – Elizabeth Clare Phophet
Queen of Hell - Mark Alan Smith
The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage

The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology – Written by Rosemary Ellen Guiley – Copyright © 2009 by Visionary Living, Inc.