A male Demon who evolved from the ancient Phoenician mother goddess of fertility,Astarte or Ashtoreth. Astaroth is also a Fallen Angel and 29th of 72 Spirits of Solomon. According to Judaic lore, he was a high-ranking Angel, either one of the seraphimor a prince of thrones, prior to his fall.
Astaroth is a grand duke and treasurer of Hell and commands 40 Legions of Demons. He is one of the three supreme evil Demons, with Beelzebub and Lucifer, in the Grimoire Verum and Grand Grimoire, which date from about the 18th century.
In the Lemegeton, he appears as either a beautiful or an ugly angel, riding a dragon and holding a viper. He possesses a powerful stench and stinking breath. Magicians who desire to conjure him must hold a magical ring in front of their faces to protect themselves against his smell.
Astaroth teaches all the sciences and is keeper of the secrets of the past, present, and future. He is invoked in necromantic rituals of divination. When conjured in magical rites, which must be performed on Wednesday nights between 10:00 and 11:00, he will give true answers to questions about the past, present, and future. He discovers secrets and is skilled in liberal sciences. He encourages slothfulness and laziness.
The Demon is said to instigate cases of Demonic Possession,most notablythat of the Loudun nuns in France in the 16th century. The nuns accused a priest, Father Urbain Grandier, of causing their possession. At Grandier’s trial, a handwritten“confession” of his was produced detailing his Pact with the Devil, witnessed and signed by Astaroth and several other Demons.
Astaroth loves to talk about the Creation and the Fall,and the faults of angels. He believes he was punished unjustly by God, and that someday he will be restored to his rightful place in heaven.
Astaroth can be thwarted by calling upon Saint Bartholomew for help.
From “The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King” (1904) Written by Samuel MacGregor Liddel Mathers
ASTarotH. – The Twenty-ninth Spirit is Astaroth. He is a Mighty, Strong Duke, and appeareth in the Form of an hurtful Angel riding on an Infernal Beast like a Dragon, and carrying in his right hand a Viper. Thou must in no wise let him approach too near unto thee, lest he do thee damage by his Noisome Breath. Wherefore the Magician must hold the Magical Ring near his face, and that will defend him. He giveth true answers of things Past, Present, and to Come, and can discover all Secrets. He will declare wittingly how the Spirits fell, if desired, and the reason of his own fall. He can make men wonderfully knowing in all Liberal Sciences. He ruleth 40 Legions of Spirits. His Seal is this, which wear thou as a Lamen before thee, or else he will not appear nor yet obey thee, etc.
ASTAROTH LADY OF THE CROSSROADS :
From the “Pseudomonarchia Daemonum” ( 1583 )written by Johann Weyer (Johann Wier)
Astaroth is a great and a strong duke, comming foorth in the shape of a fowle angell, sitting upon an infernall dragon, and carrieng on his right hand a viper: he answereth trulie to matters present, past, and to come, and also of all secrets. He talketh willinglie of the creator of spirits, and of their fall, and how they sinned and fell: he saith he fell not of his owne accord. He maketh a man woonderfull learned in the liberall sciences, he ruleth fourtie legions. Let everie exorcist take heed, that he admit him not too neere him, bicause of his stinking breath [lit. “because of the intolerable stench which he exhales”]. And therefore let the conjuror hold neere to his face a magicall [silver] ring, and that shall defend him.
Astaroth Dux magnus and fortis, prodiens angelica specie turpissima, insidensque in dracone infernali, and viperam portans manu dextra. Vere respondet de præteritis, præsentibus, futuris and occultis. Libenter de spirituum creatore, and eorundem lapsu loquitur, quomodo peccaverint and ceciderint. Se spontè non prolapsum esse dicit. Reddit hominem mire eruditum in artibus liberalibus. Quadraginta legionibus imperat. Ab hoc quilibet exorcista caveat, ne prope nimis cum admittat, ob fœtorem intolerabilem quem expirat. Itaque annulum argenteum magicum in manu sua juxta faciem teneat, quo se ab injuria facile tuebitur.
Original Text: Astaroth, grand-duc très-puissant aux enfers. Il a la figure d’un ange fort laid, et se montre chevauchant sur un dragon infernal ; il tient à la main gauche une vipère. Quelques magiciens disent qu’il préside à l’Occident, qu’il procure l’amitié des grands seigneurs, et qu’il faut l’évoquer le mercredi. Les Sidoniens et les Philistins, l’adorèrent. Il est, dit-on, grand trésorier aux enfers. Wierus nous apprend qu’il sait le passé et l’avenir, qu’il répond volontiers aux questions qu’on lui fait sur les choses les plus secrètes, et qu’il est facile de le faire causer sur la création, les fautes et la chute des anges, dont il connaît toute l’histoire. Mais dans ses conversations, il soutient que pour lui il a été puni injustement. Il enseigne à fond les arts libéraux, et commande quarante légions. Celui qui le fait venir doit prendre garde de s’en laisser approcher, à cause de son insupportable puanteur. C’est pourquoi il est prudent de tenir sous ses narines un anneau magique en argent, qui est un préservatif contre les odeurs fétides des démons . Astaroth a figuré dans plusieurs possessions. Il est cité comme l’un des sept princes de l’enfer qui visitèrent Faust, selon la tradition anglaise ; il parut en serpent, ayant « la queue colorée comme des briques changeantes, deux petits pieds fort courts, tout jaunes, le ventre blanc et jaunâtre, le cou châtain roux, et une pointe en forme de trait, comme ceux du hérisson, qui avance de la longueur d’un doigt  ».