Tyr (god shining) In Norse mythology, one of the Aesir, a war god son of Odin and Frigga. He lost one hand when he placed it in the mouth of the Fenrir wolf. Tyr was the patron of the sword and athletic sports. The Prose Edda describes Tyr as “the most daring and intrepid of all the gods. ’Tis he who dispenses valour in war, hence warriors do well to invoke him. . . . He is not regarded as a peacemaker among men.” Tuesday was named after the god. In Anglo-Saxon mythology, Tyr is called Tiw, Tiv, or Ziv, or identified with the god Saxnot. During the Roman period Tyr was called Mars Thingsus and associated with an assembly hall where men met to settle disputes. Tyr’s name is also given as Tîwaz.
Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow
Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante
Tyr is the one-handed lord of the sky, war, justice, and self-sacrifice. He is among the most ancient Norse deities. He may originally have been the head of the Aesir spirits before Odin assumed that role. Tyr sacrificed his hand to the Fenris Wolf in order to maintain cosmic order.
• Tyr is invoked for justice and legal matters.
• The Romans identified him with Mars.
Day: Tuesday (literally Tyr’s Day)
Plant: Flowering spurge
Tyr is venerated in groves
Aesir; Mars: Odin
Tyr – Master of the Temple –
Also known as:
Tir; Tiu; Ziu; Tiwar; Tiwaz; Teiwaz; Tiw –
Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses– Written by :Judika Illes Copyright © 2009 by Judika Illes.
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