Chthon means “Earth” in Greek and is used to indicate subterranean beings, those spirits who dwell inside Earth as opposed to in the Heavens, within trees, or elsewhere on Earth. Any spirit who lives inside Earth is technically a chthonic spirit. Ancient metaphysical wisdom suggests that those spirits who dwell below or within Earth share common interests: they tend to be involved with basic life issues. Chthonic spirits are concerned with birth, fertility, death, destiny, minerals, and treasure.
Altars: Offerings are traditionally brought to the spirits: the Greeks actually dug altars into the Earth and offerings were placed inside. (A description is found in Homer’s Odyssey.)
Offerings: Libations for the spirits may be poured directly on Earth; traditional offerings include wine, water, honey, and botanical gifts.
From the Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses – Written by : Judika Illes Copyright © 2009 by Judika Illes.