Aeshma

In Zoroastrianism, Aeshma is the demon of wrath, rage, and fury. Aeshma’s epithet is “of the bloody mace.” He is the fiercest of demons and is responsible for all acts of aggression and malice, whether committed in war or drunkenness. He has seven powers that he can use for the destruction of humanity.

In the hierarchy of Zoroastrian Daevas that mirrors a similar hierarchy of divinities, Aeshma is opposed to Asha Vahishta, the Amesha Spenta, or good spirit, who embodies Truth. Aeshma’s chief adversary is Sraosha (Obedience), the principle of religious devotion and discipline. Aeshma distracts people from proper worship. He interferes with the souls of the dead as they approach the Chinvat Bridge to the underworld.

The creator God, Ahura Mazda (later Ohrmazd), created Sraosha to counter Aeshma’s mischief and protect people from his attacks. Sraosha ultimately will overthrow Aeshma. In medieval texts, Aeshma is made a commander of dark forces by Angra Mainyu (later Ahriman). He is swallowed by Az, the Demon of avarice.

Aeshma can be driven away by the recitation of a prayer from the Vendidad, a Zoroastrian text. The Demon Asmodeus of Hebrew lore may be based in part on Aeshma.

Demonology Library - Books

You may be also interested in :

Lilith
The Prince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in History -  Jeffrey Burton Russell
Witchcraft and Demonology in South-West England, 1640–1789 - Jonathan Barry
Michael Psellus on the Operation of Daemons - Stephen Skinner & Marcus Collisson
Dark Mirrors : Azazel and Satanael in early Jewish Mythology - Andrei A. Orlov
Hekate Her Sacred Fires - Sorita D'Este, Raven Digitalis, Vikki Bramshaw
The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage
Witchcraft and Demonology in Hungary and Transylvania - Gábor Klaniczay (Ed.), Éva Pócs (Ed.)
Lucifer and the Hidden Demons - Theodore Rose
Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft - Sir Walter Scott.
Demons of Wrath: The Dark Fires of Attack Magick -  Corwin Hargrove
England's First Demonologist: Reginald Scot and 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' - Philip C. Almond
Biblical Demonology: A Study of Spiritual Forces at Work Today -  Unger, Merrill F.
Queen of Hell - Mark Alan Smith
Fallen Angels, the Watchers, and the Origins of Evil – Joseph Lumpkin
Gypsy Demons and Divinities : The Magic and Religion of the Gypsies - Elwood B Trigg
The False Prophet Azazel - John of the Gentiles
Irish Witchcraft and Demonology - St. John D. Seymour
Protect Yourself from the Jinn and Shaytan – Wahid Abd Al-Salam Bali
Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World -  Jeffrey Burton Russell
The World of the Jinn and Devils
A Field Guide to Demons, Fairies, Fallen Angels and Other Subversive Spirits -  Carol K. Mack, Dinah Mack
Daemonolatry Goetia – S. Connolly
Azazel: Steal Fire from the Gods
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. - Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst

The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology – Written by Rosemary Ellen Guiley – Copyright © 2009 by Visionary Living, Inc.

Please get in touch with us if you have questions about our Demon Expert Training - Wicca Training - Voodoo-DealCandle Burning Service - the Black Magick Training or our Regular Membership.