Asmodeus (Aeshma, Ashmedai, Ashmodai, Asmoday, Asmodius, Hasmoday, Sydonay) The Demon of lust, the third of the Seven Deadly Sins, and of jealousy, anger, and revenge, and the 32nd of the 72 Spirits of Solomon.

Asmodeus’ chief objectives are to prevent intercourse between husband and wife, wreck new marriages, and force husbands to commit adultery. He is also one of the chief Demons involved in cases of Possession. Throughout history, he has been regarded as one of the most evil of Satan’s infernal Demons. He is usually portrayed as having three heads, those of an ogre, a ram, and a bull, all sexually licentious creatures; having the feet of a cock, another sexually aggressive creature; and having wings and the tail of a Serpent.

He rides on a dragon and breathes fire. Asmodeus has his roots in ancient Persia. His name is derived from Aeshma, one of the seven archangels, or amarahspands, of Persian mythology. The Hebrews absorbed him into their mythology, where he attained the highest status and most power of all his legends.

According to the Hebrews, he is the son of Naamah and Shamdon. Prior to his fall from heaven, he was part of the seraphim, the highest order of Angels. In other Hebrew legends, he is either associated with or the husband of Lilith, the Demon queen of lust. Sometimes he is said to be the offspring of Lilith and Adam.

The book of Tobit tells how Asmodeus lusted after a young woman named Sarah and killed each of her seven husbands before the marriages could be consummated. With an eighth suitor, Tobias, in her life, Sarah prayed to God for help. God sent down the archangel Raphael, who instructed Tobias in how to make an incense of the heart and liver of a glanos fish, which would drive away Asmodeus. After Tobias and Sarah were married, Asmodeus appeared in their wedding chamber to kill Tobias, but the incense forced him to flee.

He went to Egypt, but Raphael tracked him down and bound him. According to the pseudepigraphical Testament of Solomon, Asmodeus lives in the constellation of the Great Bear (Ursa Major). He spreads the wickedness of men, plots against newlyweds, spreads madness about women through the stars, ruins the beauty of virgins, and commits murders. He is forever thwarted by Raphael and the smoking liver and gall of a fish, especially the sheatfish, which lives in Assyrian rivers.

He has knowledge of the future. Asmodeus is taken into the presence of King Solomon by the Prince of Demons, Beelzebub. Sullen, arrogant, and defiant, he tells the king he was born of a human mother and an angel father. He also says that Solomon will have only a temporary hold over the Demons; his kingdom eventually will be divided, and Demons will go out again among men and will be worshipped as gods because humans will not know the names of the angels who thwart the Demons.

He admits that he is afraid of water. Solomon binds Asmodeus with care. He orders the Demon to be flogged and orders him to state his activities.

Asmodeus says,

“I am the renowned Asmodeus; I cause the wickedness of men to spread throughout the world. I am always hatching plots against newlyweds; I mar the beauty of virgins and cause their hearts to grow cold. . . . I spread madness about women through the stars and I have often committed a rash of murders.”

Solomon puts him in Iron chains and surrounds him with 10 jars full of water, which make the Demon complain bitterly. Asmodeus is forced to make clay vessels for the temple. Solomon also burns the liver and gall of a fish and a branch of storax beneath the Demon, quelling his nasty tongue. Solomon uses his magic ring to force Asmodeus and other Demons to build his magnificent temple. After its completion, Solomon tells Asmodeus that he cannot understand why Demons are so powerful when he, their leader, could be so easily chained. Asmodeus says he will prove his greatness if Solomon will remove his chains and lend him the magical ring. Solomon does so, only to be hurled far away from Jerusalem.

Asmodeus steals the ring, forces Solomon into exile, and becomes king himself. He throws the ring into the sea. But Solomon’s lover, the Ammonite Namah, finds the ring in a fish belly, and the king regains his power. He is immediately transported to Jerusalem when he puts on the ring. As punishment, he puts Asmodeus in a jar. Asmodeus was absorbed into Christian lore, becoming one of the Devil’s leading agents of provocation. Witches were said to worship him, and magicians and sorcerers attempted to conjure him to strike out at enemies.

Grimoires of magical instruction sternly admonish anyone seeking an audience with Asmodeus to summon him bareheaded out of respect. Johann Weyer said Asmodeus rules gambling houses. According to the Lemegton, a major grimoire, Asmodeus is the “first and chiefest” under Amaymon and goes before all other Demons. He gives the ring of virtues and teaches arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and all handicrafts. When properly summoned, he gives full and true answers to all questions. He can make a person invisible and will reveal all treasures under the guard of Amaymon. He was one of the infernal agents blamed for the obscene sexual possession of the Louviers nuns in 17th century France (see Louviers possessions).

Spirit of Solomon

From “The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King” (1904) Written by S.L. MacGregor Mathers

The Thirty-second Spirit is Asmoday, or Asmodai. He is a Great King, Strong, and Powerful. He appeareth with Three Heads, whereof the first is like a Bull, the second like a Man, and the third like a Ram; he hath also the tail of a Serpent, and from his mouth issue Flames of Fire. His Feet are webbed like those of a Goose. He sitteth upon an Infernal Dragon, and beareth in his hand a Lance with a Banner. He is first and choicest under the Power of AMAYMON, he goeth before all other. When the Exorcist hath a mind to call him, let it be abroad, and let him stand on his feet all the time of action, with his Cap or Headdress off; for if it be on, AMAYMON will deceive him and call all his actions to be bewrayed. But as soon as the Exorcist seeth Asmoday in the shape aforesaid, he shall call him by his Name, saying: “Art thou Asmoday?” and he will not deny it, and by-and-by he will bow down unto the ground. He giveth the Ring of Virtues; he teacheth the Arts of Arithmetic, Astronomy, Geometry, and all handicrafts absolutely. He giveth true and full answers unto thy demands. He maketh one Invincible. He showeth the place where Treasures lie, and guardeth it. He, amongst the Legions of AMAYMON governeth 72 Legions of Spirits Inferior. His Seal is this which thou must wear as a Lamen upon thy breast, etc.

The Seal of Asmodeus – Asmoday

Asmodeus – Asmoday

From the “Pseudomonarchia Daemonum” ( 1583 ) Written by Johann Weyer (Johann Wier)

Sidonay, alias Asmoday, a great king, strong and mightie, he is seene with three heads, whereof the first is like a bull, the second like a man, the third like a ram, he hath a serpents taile, he belcheth flames out of his mouth, he hath feete like a goose, he sitteth on an infernall dragon, he carrieth a lance and a flag in his hand, he goeth before others, which are under the power of Amaymon. When the conjuror exerciseth this office, let him be abroad, let him be warie and standing on his feete; if his cap be on his head, he will cause all his dooings to be bewraied, which if he doo not, the exorcist shalbe deceived by Amaymon in everie thing. But so soone as he seeth him in the forme aforesaid, he shall call him by his name, saieng; Thou art Asmoday; he will not denie it, and by and by he boweth downe to the ground; he giveth the ring of venues, he absolutelie teacheth geometrie, arythmetike, astronomie, and handicrafts. To all demands he answereth fullie and trulie, he maketh a man invisible, he sheweth the places where treasure lieth, and gardeth it, if it be among the legions of Amaymon, he hath under his power seventie two legions.

Original Text : Sydonay, alias Asmoday, Rex magnus, fortis and potens: Visitur tribus capitibus, quorum primum assimilatur capiti tauri, alterum hominis, tertium arietis. Cauda ejus serpentina, ex ore flammam eructat, pedes anserini. Super dracone infernali sedet, in manu lanceam and vexillum portans. Præcedit alios qui sub potestate Amaymonis sunt. Cum hujus officia exercet exorcista, fit fortis, cautus and in pedibus stans: si vero coopertus fuerit, ut in omnibus detegatur, efficiet: Quod si non fecerit exorcista, ab Amaymone in cunctis decipietur: Sed mox cum ipsum in prædicta forma conspicit, appellabit illum nomine suo, inquiens: Tu vero es Asmoday. Ipse non negabit: Et mox ad terram. Dat annulum virtutum: Docet absolute Geometriam, Arithmeticam, Astronomiam, Mechanicam: Ad interrogata plene and vere respondet: Hominem reddit invisibilem: Loca thesaurorum ostendit and custodit, si fuerit de legionibus Amaymonis. In sua potestate legiones septuaginta duas habet.

Asmodeus – Asmoday

Summoning Asmodeus :

Asmodeus – Asmoday

From the “Dictionnaire Infernal” (edition of 1863 ) Written by Jacques Auguste Simon Collin de Plancy

Asmodee (also Chammadai or Sydonai) is the destroying Demon and superintendent of the gaming houses. He may be also the equivalent of Samael. It is said that he will be the one to dethrone Solomon, but that Solomon will force him to aid in the battle for the Jerusalem temple. After Tobie expels him with the smoked spleen of a fish from Sara, the angel Raphael will bind him in the depths of Egypt. According to the Courrier de l’Egypte, the people of the country still adore Asmodee, whose temple sits in the desert of Ryanneh. He allegedly will cut himself into pieces and immediately after, disappear.

Other legends associate Asmodee as the serpent who seduced Eve. As “Asmodai,” he is prince of Demons. According to Wierus, he had three heads, that of a bull, a man, and a ram. He also has a serpent’s tail, the feet of a goose, and flaming breath. He rides a dragon and carries a standard and a lance. In the infernal hierarchy, he governs seventy-two legions but submits to Amoymon. When one exorcises him, one must be steadfast and call him by name. He gives rings influenced by astronomical bodies, advises men on making themselves invisible, and instructs men in the art of geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and the mechanical arts. He also knows of treasures.

Original Text :

AsmodĂ©e, dĂ©mon destructeur, le mĂŞme que SamaĂ«l, suivant quelques rabbins.Il est surintendant des maisons de jeu. Il sème la dissipation et l’erreur. — Les rabbins content quil dĂ©trĂ´na un jour Salomon; mais que bientĂ´t Salomon

lechargea de fers, et le força de l’aider Ă  bâtir le temple de JĂ©rusalem; —Tobie,, suivant les mĂŞmes rabbins,l’ayant expulsĂ©, avec la fumĂ©e du fiel d’un poisson, du corps de la jeune Sara qu’il possĂ©dait, l’ange RaphaĂ«l l’emprisonna aux extrĂ©mitĂ©s de l’Egypte.

Paul Lucas dit qu’il l’a vu dans un de ses voyages. On s’est amusĂ© de lui Ă  ce sujet; cependant on a pu lire dans le Courrier de l’Egypte que le peuple de ce pays adore,encore le serpent AsmodĂ©e, lequel a un temple dans le desert de Ryanneh. On ajoute que ce serpent se coupe par morceaux et qu’un instant âpres il n’y parait pas.

Cet AsmodĂ©e est, au jugement; de quelques-uns, l’ancien serpent’qui sĂ©duisit Eve. Les Juifs, qui rappellent, Asmodai,faisaient de lui lĂ© prince des dĂ©mons,comme on le voit dans la pĂ raphrase chaldaĂŻque. C’est aux enfers, dans Wierus, un roi fort et puissant, qui a trois tĂŞtes :la première ressemble Ă  celle d’un taureau, la seconde Ă  celle d’un homme, la troisième Ă  celle d’un bĂ©lier. Il a une queue de serpent,des pieds d’oie,une haleine enflammĂ©e. Il, se montre Ă  cheval sur un dragon, portant en main un Ă©tendard et une lance.

Il est soumis cependant, par la hiérarchie infernale, au roi Amoymon.

Lorsqu’on l’exorcise, il faut ĂŞtre ferme sur ses pieds, et l’appeler par son nom. Il donne des anneaux constellĂ©s; il apprend aux hommes Ă  se rendre invisibles et leur enseigne la gĂ©omĂ©trie, l’arithmĂ©tique,l’astronomie et les arts mĂ©caniques. Il connaĂ®t aussi des trĂ©sors, qu’on peut le forcer Ă  dĂ©couvrir ; soixante-douze: lĂ©gions lui obĂ©issent. On le nomme encore ChammadaĂŻ et SydonaĂŻ. AsmodĂ©e Ă©tait un des dĂ©mons qui possĂ©daient Madeleine Bavent. Le Sage a fait d’AsmodĂ©e le hĂ©ros d’un de ses romans {le Diable boiteux).

Asmodeus as depicted in Collin de Plancy‘s Dictionnaire Infernal, 1863 edition.

Asmodeus – Asmoday


Prince of the Avengers of Evil




Djinn, Demon, or angel

Ashmodai, the destroyer, lives in a palace on a mountain from which he visits Heaven daily to learn the destined fate of human beings, participate in learned discussions, and receive his assigned orders. He may be the King of Demons, Shedim, or Djinn. He is a spirit of rage who rules anger, jealousy, lechery, and revenge. He’s something of a manipulator, encouraging illicit and extramarital love affairs. When he’s in a mean mood or if someone annoys him, he encourages the breakup of marriages and soul mates. He allegedly enjoys what biblical sources consider transgressive sex: he likes sex with menstruating women.

Ashmodai may be the son of Naamah. His father may be Adam or Shemhazai, a powerful but rebellious angel. Alternatively he is the son of Agrat and ancient Israel’s King David, thus making him King Solomon’s half brother. Ashmodai is Solomon’s rival and shadow self. He may or may not be the same spirit as the malevolent Iranian Aeshma Deva even though the Latin name Asmodeus is applied to both of them.

Despite his rulership of wrath and rage, Ashmodai is generally a good-natured, gregarious spirit who likes to drink. According to legend, Ashmodai is in charge of the casinos and gambling parlors of the Afterlife. He may bestow gambling luck.

According to legend, Solomon enslaved Ashmodai, forcing him to help with building projects, including the Jerusalem Temple. Ashmodai paid him back by tricking Solomon into giving him his magic ring. Once Ashmodai had the ring, he sent Solomon into exile, assumed his form, and ruled in his place although Solomon eventually regained his throne. (Solomon got him back: magically recovering his ring from the belly of a fish, he stuck Ashmodai in a bottle like a genie.)

Ashmodai has many wives, including a harem of human women. He is apparently a good father; many folktales describe him finding husbands for his daughters or punishing men who mistreat them.

Ashmodai is the husband-killing Demon in the Book of Tobit who is eventually vanquished by the archangel Raphael. Raphael is the angel who controls and counteracts the powerful and dangerous Ashmodai.


He has the reputation of being loud and Demonstrating a sensuous nature. He may manifest in the form of a man or a man with goat or rooster feet. He is also known to appear as a black dog.

Petition: He is a king and expects to be treated as such. Doff your hat and address him with honorifics. Never get too comfortable or informal with him.

Offering: Give him a drink, then give him another. Burn frankincense in his honor. Give him a deck of cards or some casino chips and request his help. But don’t ask too often; if you annoy him, he’ll wreck your luck instead of enhancing it. If he helps you, count yourself lucky, give him a gift, and leave him alone. Don’t ever pester or nag.


  • Agrat
  • Demon
  • Djinn
  • Genie
  • Lilith
  • Mahalat
  • Naamah
  • Padilla, Maria de
  • Raphael
  • Shedim
  • Solomon
  • Solomon’s Seventy-two Spirits


Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses– Written by Judika Illes Copyright © 2009 by Judika Illes.


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