satyrs In Greek mythology, creatures of the hills and woods, half-men, half-animal; followers of Dionysus and Pan. Noted for their love of wine, women, and nymphs, they were called by the moralistic Hesiod “good for nothing.” In Roman art they appear with goat legs and horns, and were later identified by the Christians with the devil because of their noted sexual appetites. Satyrs appear in Euripides’ Cyclops, Ovid’s Fasti (book 3), and Spenser’s Faerie Queene ( In art Rubens painted a Nymphs and Satyrs, while satyrs appear in Botticelli’s Venus and Mars and Michelangelo’s statue Bacchus.


Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Third Edition – Written by Anthony S. Mercatante & James R. Dow
Copyright © 2009 by Anthony S. Mercatante


Related Articles


Sileni (moon  men)  – In  Greek  mythology,  creatures of the hills and woods, often confused with satyrs, having horse’s ears, flattened noses, horse’s tails or legs, or both. The most famous of the group was Silenus, teacher of Dionysus, who…


Silen ORIGIN: Greek Silens are a sub-species of centaur: • Centaurs are four-legged horse-men hybrids. • Silens typically have only two equine legs attached to…


moly In Greek mythology, plant with a black root and white flower that saved Odysseus from Circe’s enchantments on her island, Aeaea, where he was…