Agasou, the Leopard Spirit, is guardian of Dahomean traditions. Various theories regarding his root identity include:

• Agasou is an ancestral leopard spirit.

• Agasou is the founder-king of the Dahomean Empire, son of human

Princess Aligbono, daughter of King Tado, and the leopard spirit, Kpo. (Kpo literally means “leopard,” the totem animal of the Dahomean royal family.)

• Agasou is a war chief from the neighboring Yoruba city-state Oyo, exiled for aggression and nicknamed Kpo for his ferocious nature.

• Agasou is that war chief exiled, not for aggression, but because his magic powers made others nervous: he could transform into a leopard.

• Agasou is a war chief nicknamed Kpo who had a clandestine affair with either King Tado’s wife or daughter, fathering a male child. When King Tado died, the child’s mother tried to place her son on the throne, but the people rebelled, preferring the king’s nephew, son of the king’s sister. The leopard’s son fled to the Dahomean city, Allada, which he eventually took over.

• Agasou may not actually be the ancestor of the Dahomean royal family, but may, in fact, have been venerated before their arrival in the region. The supplanted Gedevi people venerated a leopard spirit.

In Dahomey, Agasou is considered an ancestral spirit, patron of the Dahomean royal family. In Haiti, he is generally venerated as the lwa of home, family, lineage, and ancestry. He serves as a lieutenant in Lord Agwé’s army. Legend has it that Ayida-Wedo asked Agasou to bring Vodou and the power of the ancestors to Haiti from Africa (Giné).

Agasou immediately fulfilled this request, assisted by a crab. It is traditional for his devotees to refrain from eating crab. In Haiti, Agasou is understood to be a king.

He is syncretized to Saint Louis, the canonized king of France.

Also known as:

Agassou; Agassu; Roi d’Agasou (Haiti)






He manifests as a man or leopard. Even as a man, there may be a reference to leopards: leopard-skin clothing or leopard-pattern fabric, for instance.


Agasou is represented by images of Saint Louis or a leopard.


Silibo Vavou

Sacred animals:

Leopard, crab


White, brown, and the spectrum from yellow to gold




25 August

See also:

You may be also interested in :

Faces in the Smoke: An Eyewitness Experience of Voodoo, Shamanism, Psychic Healing, and Other Amazing Human Powers -  Douchan Gersi
The Book of Vodou: Charms and Rituals to Empower Your Life - Leah Gordon
Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie -  Wade Davis
Voodoo Dolls In Magick And Ritual - Denise Alvarado
The Voodoo Hoodoo Spellbook - Denise Alvarado
Vodou Saints: Lessons on Life, Death and Resurrection from Haiti - Arthur Fournier
Vodou Money Magic: The Way to Prosperity through the Blessings of the Lwa - Kenaz Filan
Mysteries and Secrets of Voodoo, Santeria, and Obeah - Lionel and Patricia Fanthorpe
Vodou Shaman: The Haitian Way of Healing and Power - Ross Heaven, Tim Booth
Famous voodoo rituals and spells - H. U Lampe
Secrets of Voodoo - Milo Rigaud
Hoodoo, Voodoo and Conjure - Jeffrey E. Anderson
The Spider & The Green Butterfly: Vodoun Crossroads Of Power- E.A. Koetting
Tell My Horse : Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica  - Zora Neale Hurston
Cord Of Blood: Possession and the Making of Voodoo - Nadia Lovell
A Guide to Serving the Seven African Powers - Denise Alvarado
Roots of Haiti's Vodou-Christian Faith: African and Catholic Origins - R. Murray Thomas
Urban Voodoo: A Beginners Guide to Afro-Caribbean Magic - S. Jason Black, Christopher S. Hyatt
Haitian Vodou: An Introduction to Haiti's Indigenous Spiritual Tradition - Mambo Chita Tann
Voodoo Sorcery Grimoire - Brujo Negro
Invisible Powers :Vodou in Haitian Life and Culture - Claudine Michel & Patrick Bellegarde-Smith
Vodou Songs in Haitian Creole and English - Benjamin Hebblethwaite
The New Orleans Voodoo Handbook - Kenaz Filan

From the Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses– Written by :Judika Illes

Please get in touch with us if you have questions about our Demon Expert Training - Wicca Training - Voodoo-DealCandle Burning Service - the Black Magick Training or our Regular Membership.